Facts & Research

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), a WHO declared global pandemic, is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus originated in WUHAN province of China.


The COVID-19 outbreak affects all segments of the population with higher susceptibility to the elderly, especially those with prior chronic health conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Most of the infected individuals will develop mild-to-moderate illness and recover without hospitalization.


The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, thus it’s important that one should also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, wearing a mask,or by coughing into a flexed elbow).

On average it takes 5–6 days from when someone is infected with the virus for symptoms to show, however it is known to take up to 14 days for symptoms to show.

Symptoms of Covid-19

Seek immediate medical attention if you have of the symptoms mentioned below. Intensity of symptoms vary from person to person and can range from asymptomatic to severe.

Always call before visiting your doctor or health facility.


is Key

The best way to prevent and slow the spread Covid-19 is to educate oneself, and adopt some simple general hygiene and prevention precautions.

Hand Wash

Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or clean them with alcohol-based hand rub.

Social Distancing

Maintain at least 1 metre distance between you and people coughing or sneezing.

Avoid Touching Face

Avoid touching your face, cover mouth & nose while sneezing.

Avoid Crowding

Stay home if unwell, Stay away from crowd, practice social distancing.


Currently no specific vaccines or treatments are available for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments.


Illness &

Protect yourself and others from COVID-19

One can reduce chance of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions

  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with soap and water or use alcohol-based hand rub sanitizers

    Wash Hands

    Wash Hands

    Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills/inactivates enveloped and non-enveloped viruses that may be on your hands.
    Hand hygiene is known to be one of the most effective practises to slow the spread.

  • Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) social distance between yourself and others. Avoid shaking or hands

    1 Meter Distance

    1 Meter Distance

    Speaking, coughing or sneezing discharges small liquid droplets from noses or mouths. If infected, these droplets can transmit the virus to someone who is within close proximity.

  • Avoid going to crowded places

    No Crowd

    No Crowd

    Where people come together in crowds, you are more likely to come into close contact with someone that has COVID-19

  • Governments should encourage the general public to wear a mask if there is a chance of community transmission, and especially where physical distancing cannot be maintained



    Face masks are proven to be one of the mast effective barriers to transmission and a key tool in the fight against COVID-19.

  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

    Don't touch eyes and nose

    Don't touch eyes and nose

    Your hands are the most susceptible to transference from infected surfaces. Minimize the need to touch your face, eyes and nose to reduce chances of infection. Wash your hands regularly.

  • Follow good respiratory hygiene by covering your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze. Dispose any used tissues immediately and wash your hands

    Covering your mouth and nose

    Covering your mouth and nose

    Infected droplets are the largest cause of infection spread. By following good respiratory hygiene, you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19

  • Stay home if unwell and self-isolate until you recover. Have someone bring you supplies. If you need to leave your house, wear a mask to avoid infecting others

    Stay Home

    Stay Home

    Minimizing of avoiding contact with others will protect them from possible COVID-19 and other viruses

  • Seek immediate medical help if you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing. Inform local authorities and follow instructions



    National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections

  • Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources, such as WHO or your local and national health authorities



    Local and national authorities are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves

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